The production of biopolymers has a significantly lower carbon footprint compared to fossil fuel-based plastics. Renewable feedstocks, such as agricultural by-products or dedicated energy crops, can be used as raw materials. The cultivation and processing of these feedstocks can be optimized for sustainable practices, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and minimizing environmental impact. In the context of a circular economy, Biopolymers offer the potential for closed-loop systems. This means that biopolymer-based products can be recycled or composted at the end of their life cycle, creating a circular flow of materials. Recycling biopolymers can involve mechanical or chemical processes to recover their raw materials for subsequent manufacturing. Composting, on the other hand, allows for the conversion of biopolymers into nutrient-rich soil amendments, contributing to sustainable agriculture.