The U.S. Plastic-to-Fuel Market is estimated to be valued at US$ 128.21 Bn in 2023 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 9.3% over the forecast period 2023 to 2030, as highlighted in a new report published by Coherent Market Insights.
The U.S. Plastic-to-Fuel Market involves the conversion of plastic waste into fuel through various thermochemical processes such as pyrolysis, gasification and depolymerization. Plastic materials like polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP) and polystyrene (PS) are some of the key feedstocks used in plastic-to-fuel production. The end products include synthetic crude oil, hydrogen and various waxes which can be further refined to produce transportation fuels.
Growing plastic waste and stringent environmental regulations regarding its disposal are some of the key drivers propelling the U.S. Plastic-to-Fuel Market growth. Around 35 million tons of plastic waste is generated annually in the U.S. with traditional disposal and recycling options unable to keep up with the volumes. At the same time, regulations such as the proposed ban on single-use plastics in California are encouraging alternative waste conversion technologies. Furthermore, the need for sustainable fuels to reduce dependence on oil imports along with favorable policies supporting plastic-to-fuel plants development through subsidies and tax incentives are also boosting the market demand.
The U.S. plastic-to-fuel market is dominated by the chemical segment, which accounts for around 60% of the total market share. The chemical segment involves breaking down plastic waste into hydrocarbon molecules like benzene, toluene and xylene, which can then be converted into new plastics or refined into transportation fuels. This segment is dominating as it allows for maximum utilization of plastic waste by converting it into valuable fuels and petrochemicals.
- Political: The U.S. government has implemented various regulations to increase the use of renewable fuels in transportation. This is positively impacting the plastic-to-fuel market.
- Economic: High disposal costs of plastic waste and volatility in crude oil prices make plastic-to-fuel an economically viable option.
- Social: Increased environmental awareness among public regarding effective plastic waste management is driving the demand for plastic-to-fuel technology.
- Technological: Advancements in plastic pyrolysis and catalytic hydroprocessing technologies have significantly improved the economic feasibility of plastic-to-fuel projects.
The U.S. Plastic-To-Fuel Market Size was valued at USD 128.21 billion in 2023 and is expected to reach USD 203.39 billion by 2030, expanding at a CAGR of 9.3% during the forecast period. Rapid urbanization coupled with increasing plastic waste generation is the major factor fueling the market growth. The per capita plastic waste generation in the U.S. increased from 167 pounds in 2015 to 182 pounds in 2020. If not managed properly, this plastic ends up in landfills or polluting the environment.
Regionally, the Western U.S. dominates the market currently due to presence of key players such as Plastic2Oil in the region. States such as California have implemented strict regulations to curb plastic pollution and boost adoption of plastic-to-fuel technology. Several new projects are expected to be set up in the region during the forecast period, which will further aid regional market growth.
Key players operating in the U.S. plastic-to-fuel market are Plastic2Oil, Agilyx Corporation, Vadxx Energy, and Green Envirotec Holdings. Plastic2Oil is a pioneer in plastic pyrolysis technology and has commercial plastic-to-fuel plants installed across the U.S. and internationally. Agilyx Corporation focuses on converting mixed plastic waste into high-value synthetic crude oil using its chemical recycling technology.